By Jonathan Franklin
On August five, 2010, on the San José mine in northern Chile, 33 males have been entombed 2,300 ft lower than the earth while a slab of rock the scale of a skyscraper sheared off the mountain and sealed close their purely entry to the outside. The miners have been found alive 17 days later, and for the following seven weeks after that discovery, as rescuers sought to deliver them to the skin, the eyes of the area shifted to this formerly imprecise nook of South the USA. greater than 2,000 newshounds and journalists flooded in to hide the drama. yet regardless of all over the world curiosity, the media hardly delved to both front strains of the rescue or less than the outside of the tragedy. Locked at the back of police traces, so much journalists have been lowered to months of interviewing relatives and politicians. even though, award-winning journalist Jonathan Franklin was once the exception.
The print journalist with the main broad entry and contacts, Franklin stated, recorded, and filmed from front row of the operation because it opened up and, for that reason, used to be afforded unparalleled and designated entry to the miners and the rescuers. Now, for the 1st time ever, he tells their complete tale in 33 males: contained in the superb Survival and Dramatic Rescue of the Chilean Miners
Franklin's prestige as a "local"--he has lived in Chile for sixteen years, speaks fluent Spanish, and has six daughters together with his Chilean wife--and his 25 years' event as an investigative reporter supplied him entry different newshounds may perhaps simply dream of. for nearly six weeks he lived at the hillside that served because the rescue operation's nerve middle. He sat in on making plans conferences, pored over govt files, and recorded periods among the miners and the psychologists charged with taking care of their psychological well-being. He performed interviews with miners' households, rescue staff, engineers, drill operators, etc, together with President Piñera of Chile. Even prior to the miners have been rescued, whereas they have been nonetheless underground, Franklin interviewed them through a makeshift cellphone that attached them to the skin. "I sat during this box the place you may choose up a mobile, dial 11, and the telephone could ring down below," says Franklin, who built the sort of bond of belief with the miners that they defined in nice aspect the dramatic first 17 days in their confinement. bring to a halt from the outside...
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Extra resources for 33 Men: Inside the Miraculous Survival and Dramatic Rescue of the Chilean Miners
However, it is important to note that the patch size is likely to vary with the degree of saturation, and that this variation may itself be injection rate dependent. In CT scan 4 (more than 40% of water saturation), we observe some fluid clusters on the order of a few millimeters suggesting that λ p a and hence the proximity to the GH bound is expected. Conversely, for small water saturations, the condition λ p a seems to apply, and, therefore, the velocities follow the GW prediction. 7 VSR determined from numerical simulations of wave propagation in a poroelastic solid with randomly distributed patches that cluster for larger saturation values (see inset).
Previous models ignored the effect of the local-flow velocity field in the inclusions, and therefore they cannot properly describe the anelastic effects in case when inclusion fluid properties could not be neglected. Thus, the fluid kinetic energy of the inclusions needs to be considered. The local fluid flow governing equation is presented in Ba et al. (2011) by using Rayleigh’s equation (Rayleigh, 1917) describing the spherical fluid oscillation. In this section, we consider the local fluid-flow velocity fields inside and outside the inclusions, rederive the kinetic energy function and dissipation function based on the double-porosity model containing spherical inclusions, and obtain reformulated BR equations of wave propagation with the aid of Hamilton’s principle.
Res. 109 (B1), B01201. , 1917. On the pressure developed in a liquid during the collapse of a spherical cavity. Lond. Edinb. Dubl. Phil. Mag. and J. Sci. 34 (200), 94–98. , 1999. Seismic signatures of permeability in heterogeneous porous media. Geophysics 64 (1), 99–103. , 1975. Computed seismic speeds and attenuation in rocks with partial gas saturation. Geophysics 40 (2), 224–232. , 1975. Low-frequency seismic waves in fluid-saturated layered rocks. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 57, S30. Chapter 3 Acoustics of Partially Saturated Rocks: Theory and Experiments Tobias M.
33 Men: Inside the Miraculous Survival and Dramatic Rescue of the Chilean Miners by Jonathan Franklin