By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of
An identical applied sciences that gasoline medical advances additionally pose strength risks--that the information, instruments, and methods won via valid biotechnology learn might be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this is referred to as the twin use hassle of the existence sciences. but even learn with the best power for misuse could provide major merits. choosing the way to constrain the chance with no harming crucial clinical learn is necessary for nationwide protection in addition to prosperity and wellbeing and fitness. This booklet discusses a 2007 survey of yankee organization for the development of technology (AAAS) contributors within the existence sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use matters and attitudes approximately their tasks to assist mitigate the hazards of misuse in their learn. total, the consequences recommend that there's significant help for techniques to oversight that depend on measures which are built and applied by means of the medical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of shock and to supply information approximately what activities scientists can take to minimize the chance that their examine should be misused by way of people with malicious motive.
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Additional info for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
2002) included a section on social and security implications of the experiment, but that the space limitations in the journal forced the removal of that section prior to publication (Federation of American Scientists 2008b; private communication from Eckard Wimmer to Kathleen Vogel). Prior to publication of his work on the synthesis of a bacteriophage (Smith et al. 2003), Craig Venter had discussions with government ofﬁcials about the dual use implications of the research (Venter 2007). The authors were fully aware of the controversy that had occurred following publication of the Wimmer poliovirus synthesis paper and Venter has said he was prepared to modify the manuscript.
In 2002 the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) requested that the National Academies consider whether national security concerns should result in a fundamental change in the communication of science, namely, whether critical details that could permit the misuse of knowledge in the life sciences should be withheld from open publications. 12 The challenge presented at the workshop was how to minimize the risk of bioterrorism without jeopardizing the ability to repeat experiments and validate scientiﬁc claims, which was too important to scientiﬁc advancement to fundamentally change the way scientiﬁc research is communicated (Atlas 2003).
The committee, which began work in spring 2002, was charged with examining how to address the potential risks posed by dual use research in the United States. The committee addressed the critical question of how to deﬁne what is dangerous and how to design a system that could minimize that danger while allowing legitimate biomedical research to proceed. Released in October 2003, the committee’s report, Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism (also known as the Fink report after the chair of the committee, Gerald Fink of Massachusetts Institute of Technology [MIT]), was published as a book a few months later (NRC 2004a).
A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science by American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of